Tree planting, protection and maintenance contribute to stormwater management, climate change mitigation and adaptation, improved biodiversity, and many other health, environmental and economic benefits. Increasing canopy cover on private and public properties can be achieved by planting trees, and protecting and maintaining trees that are already established to help them grow to maturity. New tree planting can be encouraged through systematic and/or subsidized planting programs.
- Selecting appropriate species, ensuring adequate space and soil volume, and avoiding potential hazards (e.g. power lines) are important considerations
- Checking provincial, regional, and municipal policy for tree by-laws and tree planting in woodland areas
- Monitoring well-being of seedlings and tree growth
- Protecting tree trunks from severe weather conditions, wildlife, and maintenance equipment
- Maintenance of young trees includes mulching, staking, watering and pruning
- Maintenance of mature trees includes pruning and soil management
- Costs vary by location; a forest tree will require minimal maintenance, trees as part of parking lot design will require trimming and proper installation to ensure their longevity
- Tree seedlings range from $50 to $500 per1000 seedlings
- Purchasing caliper trees is more expensive but they are common along rights of way because they have a higher chance of survival
- Urban Forestry Evaluation: Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
- Tree Planting and Maintenance Programs: Forests Ontario
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